What are vaccines?
Vaccines are products designed to trigger protective immune responses and prepare the immune system to fight future infections from disease-causing
agents. Vaccines stimulate the immune system’s production of antibodies that identify and destroy disease-causing organisms that enter the body.
Vaccines provide immunity against one or several diseases that can lessen the severity or prevent certain diseases altogether.
Why is it important to vaccinate my pet?
Experts agree that widespread use of vaccinations within the last century has prevented death and disease in millions of animals. Vaccinations
protect your pet from highly contagious and deadly diseases and improve your pet’s overall quality of life.
5 Reasons to Vaccinate Your Pet
1. Vaccinations prevent many pet illnesses.
2. Vaccinations can help avoid costly treatments for diseases that can be prevented.
3. Vaccinations prevent diseases that can be passed not only from animal to animal but also from animal to human.
4. Diseases prevalent in wildlife, such as rabies and distemper, can infect unvaccinated pets. Diseases prevalent in wildlife,
such as rabies and distemper, can infect unvaccinated pets.
5. Many areas, local or state ordinances require certain vaccinations of household pets. Many areas, local or state ordinances
require certain vaccinations of household pets.
Do vaccinations ensure protection?
For most pets, vaccination is effective in preventing future disease and only rarely will a vaccinated pet have insufficient immunity to fight
off the disease. It is important to follow the vaccination schedule provided by your veterinarian to reduce the possibility of a gap in protection.
Are there risks to vaccinating my pet?
Any type of medical treatment has associated risks associated, but the risk should be weighed against the benefits of protecting your pet, your
family and your community from potentially fatal diseases. The majority of pets respond well to vaccines.
The most common adverse responses to vaccination are mild and short-term, and serious reactions are rare. An uncommon but serious adverse reaction
that can occur in cats is tumor growth (sarcomas), which can develop weeks, months, or even years after a vaccination. Improvements in vaccination
technology and technique have greatly reduced the occurrence of sarcomas.
Why do puppies and kittens require a series of vaccinations?
Very young animals are highly susceptible to infectious disease because their immune system is not yet fully mature. They receive protection through
antibodies in their mother’s milk, but the protection is not long-lasting and there may be gaps in protection as the milk antibodies decrease
and their immune system is still maturing.
In many instances, the first dose of a vaccine serves to prime the animal’s immune system against the virus or bacteria while subsequent doses
help further stimulate the immune system to produce the important antibodies needed to protect an animal from diseases.
To provide optimal protection against disease in the first few months of life, a series of vaccinations are scheduled, usually 3-4 weeks apart. For most puppies and kittens, the final vaccination in the series is administered at about 4 months of age; however, a veterinarian may alter the schedule based on an individual animal’s risk factors.
Finish the Series
An incomplete series of vaccinations may lead to incomplete protection, making puppies and kittens vulnerable to infection.
Which vaccinations should my pet receive?
“Core” vaccines are recommended for most pets in a particular area or geographical location because they protect from diseases most common in that
area. “Non-core” vaccinations are for individual pets with unique needs. Your veterinarian will consider your pet’s risk of exposure to a variety
of preventable diseases in order to customize a vaccination program for optimal protection throughout your pet’s life.
Talk with your veterinarian about your pet’s lifestyle, including any expected travel to other geographical locations and/or contact with other
animals, since these factors impact your pet’s risk of exposure to certain diseases.
What are antibody titers, and do they replace vaccinations?
Antibody titers are blood tests that measure the amount of antibodies in the blood. While antibody titers do not replace vaccination programs,
they may help your veterinarian determine if your pet has a reasonable expectation of protection against disease.
Many factors are taken into consideration when establishing a pet’s vaccination plan. Your veterinarian will tailor a program of vaccinations and
preventive health care that will help your pet maintain a lifetime of infectious disease protection.
Do vaccinations have side effects?
It is common for pets to experience some or all of the following mild side effects after receiving a vaccine, usually starting within hours of
the vaccination. If these side effects last for more than a day or two, or cause your pet significant discomfort, it is important for you to
contact your veterinarian:
• Discomfort and local swelling at the vaccination site
• Mild fever
• Decreased appetite and activity
• Sneezing, mild coughing, "snotty nose" or other respiratory signs may occur 2-5 days after your pet receives an intranasal vaccine
More serious, but less common side effects, such as allergic reactions, may occur within minutes to hours after vaccination. These reactions can be
life-threatening and are medical emergencies. Seek veterinary care immediately if any of these signs develop:
• Persistent vomiting or diarrhea
• Itchy skin that may seem bumpy ("hives")
• Swelling of the muzzle and around the face, neck, or eyes
• Severe coughing or difficulty breathing
A small, firm swelling under the skin may develop at the site of a recent vaccination. It should start to disappear within a couple weeks. If it
persists more than three weeks, or seems to be getting larger, you should contact your veterinarian.
Always inform your veterinarian if your pet has had prior reactions to any vaccine or medication. If in doubt, wait for 30-60 minutes following vaccination
before taking your pet home.
NOTE: To receive the 10% discount, ALL of the yearly vaccinations have to be received.